This has been the most amazing semester in terms of the weather. January and February brought some of the sunniest and driest weather we have seen in wine country in many years. Then in March, when the East Coast and Northeast portions of the US heated up to the 80’s – -bringing the earliest tree blossoms and flowers that part of the country has ever experienced – Northern California slumped back into rainy weather in the mid 50’s. What is going on Mother Nature? What can each of us do to stop the drastic increase in CO2 emissions which are heating up this planet?
On campus, both students and professors seem to be enjoying our change in schedule. We started two weeks earlier this year – in mid January, rather than at the end of the month. This means we will end two weeks sooner as well, with graduation scheduled for May 12. Now that is early, but it means that everyone gets to enjoy a longer summer.
Based on all of the changes, and to honor the power of Mother Nature, I have found a quote from Albert Einstein.
We still do not know
One thousandth of one percent
Of what Nature has revealed to us.
I always think that winter is a great time to be studying in a university. The cooler weather is conducive to reading by the fire or finding a comfortable nook in the library to complete assignments. It is a cozy and creative time – marked by Winter Solstice (Dec. 21) and the first day of spring on March 20.
It is also a beautiful and introspective time in California wine country. The crowds are gone and it is possible to visit a winery tasting room and receive lots of one-on-one attention. The vineyards are bereft of leaves and so it is possible to see the beautiful sculptures the naked branches create. Recently I visited a winery in Napa that is varnishing old vines and selling them in the tasting room as works of art – they really are!
In celebration of this beautiful winter season, I found a quote by Frenchman, Pierre Motin, which describes the warmth which wine can bring (drunk in moderation):
Bacchus we thank who gave us wine,
Which warms the blood within our veins;
That nectar is itself divine.
The man who drinks not, yet attains
By godly grace to human rank
Would be an angel if he drank.
Pierre Motin, French drinking song
Autumn has arrived in California Wine Country, and once again I am struck by how incredibly beautiful it is here at this time of year. The air actually smells like wine as the harvest gets underway, and there is a huge rush of energy as winery employees work around the clock to pick the grapes at the exact moment of perfect ripeness. Fermentation begins in vats, tanks, and barrels, and the used skins and seeds are redistributed back in the vineyards to provide nourishment for next year’s crop.
When I first moved here eleven years ago from Colorado, I was worried I would miss the change of colors in the tree leaves during autumn in the Rockies. However, I was unprepared from the magnificent tapestry of orange, gold, yellow, and red that spreads over the vineyards. The hillsides are ablaze in a myriad of fall colors, and it takes your breath away when the huge harvest moon rises in a deep orange globe over the evening landscape.
I am on sabbatical this autumn semester, working on two new books – one on California’s
most famous vineyards. I’m also helping with harvest in some local wineries and waiting for my own grapes to ripen before the yellow jackets eat them all. Who knew that yellow jackets ate grapes? This semester is also filled with travel. I just returned from 3 weeks in Italy where they were having an early harvest in Tuscany. In October, I head to Hawaii, and in November to London and Idaho. I stay in touch with many of my students through email and Facebook.
And so in this time of miraculous autumn in wine country, I believe the following quote from J. Robert Moskin is most appropriate:
life’s gifts is that each of us, no matter how tired and downtrodden, finds
reasons for thankfulness: for the crops carried in from the fields and the
grapes from the vineyard.”
J. Robert Moskin
Sonoma and Napa Counties are a wonderful place to spend the summer. The weather is usually in the mid 80’s during the afternoon, but fog gently covers the landscape most mornings and some evenings. This is especially the case in Carneros and Sonoma Coast appellations, which are closer to the Pacific Ocean and San Pablo Bay. This cooling marine influence is what allows us to grow world-class pinot noir and chardonnay in these areas. However, if the fog is too cool for some (as it was for Mark Twain when he spent a summer in even cooler San Francisco), you only need to drive a few miles inland to find the hotter areas of Alexander, Dry Creek, and Calistoga where cabernet sauvignon and zinfandel thrive.
This summer on campus we are offering classes in both the June and July sessions. Many students can accelerate their studies by taking for-credit classes during this time.
I am not teaching this summer, because I am working on research and a new book. In addition, I have much travel planned, including trips to France, Italy, Croatia, Wisconsin and Arizona.
During the summer I also work much in my vineyard. We got off to
a cool start with unseasonably cold and wet weather at the end of May and first
of June. This caused delays in fruit set and increased threats of powdery mildew.
I have had to spray the vineyard with sulfur and Serenade (both organic products) more than usual. Everyone is predicting a delayed harvest again in this area. Interestingly France is experiencing a drought with no rain in April and May including heat in the 90’s. Their vines are much more advanced than ours at this time, and they are predicting
one of the earliest harvests on record – perhaps in August! It is amazing how much control Mother Nature wields, and so for the summer months, I offer a few quotes in honor of her power.
“We cannot command Nature except by
obeying her.” – Francis Bacon
“Let us permit Nature to
take her own way; she better understands her own affairs than we.” – Michel de
May came quite fast this year, and on May 1 were we treated to the first 80 degree weather of the year in Sonoma County. Hurray! There are only three weeks of class left before Final’s Week. Graduation is on May 28th, and my classes are filled with graduating seniors who have a bad case of “senioritis.” This means they can’t stop talking, fidgeting, and swinging betweens moods of euphoria over graduating and anxiety over entering the job market.
In the vineyards the green leaves are growing rapidly under the warm sun. Small baby clusters of grapes are being formed. I spend much time in my vineyard “suckering” the vines, which means pulling off unnecessary leaves and shoots which take energy from the grape bearing vines.
And so during this very busy month of the year, I have found a quote by Ernest Hemingway which reminds us to relax a little and enjoy life and wine.
Wine is one of the most civilized things in the world and one of the most natural things of the world that has been brought to the greatest perfection, and it offers a greater range for enjoyment and appreciation than, possibly, any other purely sensory thing.
Ernest Hemingway, Death in the Afternoon
Budbreak in the vineyards arrived especially late this year in Sonoma County. In my hobby vineyard, which is located in the cooler climate of the Petaluma Gap – just like SSU, the first pale green buds with their pink tips did not burst forth until Sunday, April 3! That is two weeks later than the past seven years! But since March was one of the rainiest months on record this year, I can understand why the vines waited until April.
On campus everyone seems very pleased that the sun has finally come out again. We’ve had a few warm days in the 70’s (F) which caused the students to flock to outdoor tables, chairs, and the lawn to grab some rays of sun. Shorts and flip flops are now familiar sights on campus again. More importantly, April brings Spring Break – which is late this year (the third week) – and everyone looks forward to a relaxing week off.
In gratitude and celebration of the sun’s return and the beginning of a new harvest, I jotted down the following lines:
When the dark barren branches of the vineyard
push forth their pale green buds
joy surges through my heart.
For I know Spring has returned,
and with it Hope of warmth and sun.
I raise of glass of wine in anticipation
of the new harvest that has begun
to stir in the Spring vines.
March came in smiling this year in Sonoma County with much sunshine and bright green grass on the hillsides. The vineyards are still dormant, but I am beginning to see more clover (shamrocks) as a cover crop between my vines. If you weren’t aware, many vineyard owners plant specific plants between the rows to protect the soil from erosion, to improve soil fertility, and regulate vine growth. Common cover crops include not only clover, but winter peas, mustard, oats, and fava beans.
Besides shamrocks in my vineyard, the month of March brings St. Patrick’s Day which is held in reference by college students across the nation as a great day to party. Thus when I accidently scheduled my mid-term exams on St. Patrick’s Day this year, there was a rather loud uproar from some students. However, when I reminded them the exam would only last 30 minutes and they would be getting out of class early that day, this appeased most.
I also love St. Patrick’s Day and anything to celebrate being “green” and “sustainable.” Therefore, this month’s wine quote comes from Paul Dolan, CEO of the Mendocino Wine Company, the first carbon neutral winery in the US.
“Like children, vines need a good environment and nutrients to grow. Our responsibility as wine grape growers is nuturing the environment so the vines and grapes can express themselves. Adopting sustainable winegrowing practices makes this happen.”
Paul Dolan, p. 91, How to Launch Your Wine Career